What Are The Basics Of English Grammar

Many beautiful languages around the world can showcase the culture of several people. However, if there is one language with a unifying factor, it is the English Language. English is a tool for international communication. Even in countries where English isn’t their first language, it is studied in educational institutions as a second language.

There are several benefits of learning English as a second language; among other things, it is the universal language for almost all professions as well as tourism. Although it may be advantageous for some to commit to a traditional education system, technology has made online learning possible in ways that are easy and stimulating.

To get a good grasp of any language, you must understand the fundamentals of its grammar. The same goes for the English language, certain foundational principles must be established to begin your learning journey on a good start. In this article, we explore some basics of English grammar.


Nouns are a key part of English grammar in that they refer to people, animals, places, and things. Nouns even give names to intangible objects like emotions and thoughts too. They are language labels and are typically the most common part of any language. Also, nouns are usually the main actor (subject) and supporting character (object) in a sentence. For example, in the sentence “Lucy is combining her hair” Lucy, which is a noun, is the main character of the sentence which also makes her the sentence subject.

Other examples of nouns in the English language include man, woman, Thomas, Catherine, dog, cat, Canada, Nigeria, shoes, and cookies.

You will notice that some of the examples listed above begin with capital letters while others do not. This is because they refer to specific individuals and places and they are called Proper Nouns. You will learn more about them as you continue to learn.


Also called Action Words, verbs are usually the fun words in English grammar because they describe actions and activities. Verbs tell you what the main character in a sentence is doing. For example, in the sentence “Lucy is combing her hair” combing is our verb because it tells us what Lucy is doing.

Here’s another example: “Thomas sang the national anthem this morning.” Can you guess the verb in the sentence?

If you guessed sang, then you are correct because it tells us what Thomas did this morning.


Adjectives are beautiful words in the English language. They help you paint a picture of what is being said in the sentence. They are words that add extra information to the sentence by describing the nouns in it. For example, consider these two sentences:

“The woman is wearing a dress”

“The beautiful woman is wearing a white dress”

Both sentences are similar, however, the second sentence is fuller because it uses adjectives to describe the woman as well as her dress. The adjectives in the sentence, beautiful and white, give you a better idea of what is being said by helping you create a clearer picture of the subject and the object.

These are some of the basic rules of grammar in the English language. A good understanding of these fundamental principles will lay a solid foundation for you to build on as you continue to learn more about the English language. For a more advanced look, be sure to review the V365 EduVideos by Tutoras. This series includes 365 videos on every topic necessary to master English communication.